Since then, cases have been reported in at least 25 states (Michigan and Ohio included). CIV is a highly contagious respiratory infection. Direct contact and droplets from sneezing or coughing can spread CIV directly from dog to dog. Droplets can also contaminate surfaces, food, bowls and other objects which can further increase the potential for exposure. Environments such as boarding kennels, groomers, dog parks, pet day care centers and other areas frequented by dogs are particularly risky.
CIV is difficult (and costly) to diagnose and potentially difficult to treat. Clinical signs—including coughing, sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, poor appetite—sometimes don’t begin until after the majority of the virus shedding has already occurred. You may notice that all of these clinical signs are identical to other forms of Upper Respiratory Infection/Tracheo-Bronchitis (“Kennel Cough”).
All dogs can be at risk of contracting CIV—regardless of breed, age, gender or health status. In some cases (especially if there is a co-infection with Bordetella, Mycoplasma or Parainfluenza) the symptoms of CIV can become severe. Prevention remains the best course of action.
For further information about CIV H3N2 visit www.DogFluFacts.com .
In November 2015, the USDA granted Zoetis a conditional license to supply veterinarians with Canine Influenza Vaccine, H3N2, Killed Virus to help address these outbreaks.
Temperance Animal Hospital will be stocking this vaccine to have available to administer to canine patients who are felt to be at an increased risk of exposure to the virus. The initial vaccine is a series of 2-doses given 3-weeks apart, then may be boosted annually with a single dose.
If you feel that your dog would benefit from this vaccination, call the office to schedule a consultation appointment with one of our doctors to get started!